According to the current process, the exporter needs to visit several authorities with several documents. This is to get important documents so as to attain the status of an Authorized Economic Operator (AEO). The status of an Authorized Economic Operator is provided by the Ministry in charge of Trade. A user journey showing the whole process of becoming an Authorized Economic Operator can be found here.
For the process of getting a Certificate of Origin, the user needs to be an Authorized Economic Operator. The document of Status of Authorized Economic Operator, together with the Commercial invoice (or any document that is sufficiently detailed with the goods to be exported) and a DUM is required. These documents are provided to the customs and a Certificate of Origin is issued either as a EURO1 certificate or EURO-MED certificate based on the location the export is going. The user journey can be found here.
With Digital Identity
With Digital Identity and Verifiable Credentials, all the participants in the user journey shall own a Decentralized Identity. This changes the User Journey towards the end. Instead of the Ministry of Trade issuing a physical document being an AEO, a credential is issued that is an AEO. The format is digital (JSON-LD), interoperable (W3C standard) and is shared to the exporter. This is as shown here. At the end we can see the Ministry of Trade issuing out the Authorized Economic Operator credential as a Verifiable Credential here.
When the trader is applying for an Export Certificate, instead of getting a physical copy of the COO, the trader shares his/her credential as an Authorized Economic Operator to the Customs. He/she shares that together with the Commercial Invoice and the DUM. After verifying the credential presented, the customs system then generates a digital copy of the COO as a Verifiable Credential with which the Exporter can interact with. This is as shown here.
With Other Documents
The same Authorized Economic Operator credentials that are issued by the Ministry of Trade can then be used when applying for other documents, like a Phytosanitary Certificate.